Eat more root vegetables after the autumn health cold dew
Since ancient times, the Chinese people’s “integration of heaven and man” has been reflected in every aspect of life.
24 The change of solar terms also affects people’s clothes, food, shelter, and behavior.
The ancients: They eat flowers in spring, leaves in summer, fruits in autumn, and roots in winter.
Other vegetables such as radish, lotus root, potato, yam, etc. are listed, and pesticide residues are reduced, which is often safer.
In the autumn and winter season, seasonal root vegetables are listed in large quantities. At this time, the root vegetables are fresh, cheap, and durable. Therefore, autumn and winter seasons are a good time to eat root vegetables.
Let us now understand the nutrition of common root vegetables.
■ Radish As the saying goes: “Eat radish in winter and ginger in summer, without a doctor’s prescription for one year.”
The radish, which is known as “little ginseng” in ethnic folk, is one of the best products in autumn and winter.
Eating raw can help digestion, increase appetite, and also remove greasy, digestion and smooth air; if it is replaced with other food partners, it also has different effects.
There are many varieties of radishes, including white skin, red skin, green skin, red heart, white heart, and round, long and other varieties, but this does not include carrots.
It is suitable for both raw and cooked foods. It has a bitter coldness in raw taste and a slightly cooler taste in ripeness. It has higher nutritional value and medicinal value.
In praise of the radish, the poets of the Yuan Dynasty also wrote such a poem: “Cooked food is sweet like taro, raw is crispy like pear.”
At the same time, the famous medical scientist Li Shizhen also highly respected radishes, so-called must be eaten at every meal, he mentioned in the “Compendium of Materia Medica”: radishes can “put down the energy, eliminate the valley and neutralize, and remove evil heat”.
Radish has a unique spicy taste. Raw food can help digestion, strengthen the stomach and digestion, increase appetite, and eat greasy foods such as meat. Raw radish can relieve tiredness and refreshing and make the belly feel comfortable.Radishes or chewed salted radishes can be eaten smoothly.
At the same time, raw radish can also promote bile secretion and help digestion.
In addition, radish is one of the main raw materials for pickles, kimchi, and dried. The nutritional components include glucose, sucrose, fructose, polypentose, crude fiber, vitamin C, minerals, and a small amount of crude protein. It also contains a variety of amino acids.
It is worth mentioning that people are accustomed to peeling off the radish skin when eating radish. It is not known that 98% of the calcium contained in the radish is in the radish skin. Therefore, it is best to eat the radish with the skin.
Of course, radish is good, but there are also taboos when eating.
Because radish tastes sweet and cold, the spleen and stomach should be cold, and those who are not healthy or weak should eat less; turnips should be consumed after taking tonics such as ginseng, raw ginseng, and Radix Polygonum multiflorum, or they will affect the efficacy.
In addition, because the consumption of raw radish produces gas and splits, it is also not good for ulcers, so patients with this disease should eat less.
■ Yam At the Beijing Olympics, Jamaican athlete Bolt’s amazing speed made people speculate about the source of their abundant physical fitness.
For the reason that this son can run so fast, the father of “Flying Man” Bolt Wellsley Bolt would like to thank most is his hometown yam.
In Bolt’s hometown, Triloni, thousands of pounds of yam are exported from here every year.
“He grew up eating yam. Yam has made him what he is today.
Chinese yam is not only a traditional Chinese medicine but also a gourmet food, and it is a familiar nourishing treasure.
Studies have shown that the content of B vitamins in yam is several times that of rice, and the potassium content in minerals is extremely rich.
What’s more important is that yam is rich in a variety of biologically active ingredients, including yam polysaccharides, mucoproteins, saponins, allantoin, dehydroepiandrosterone and the like.
Jia Shiqi and others from Henan Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, through research, found that low expansion in yam has a good immune-enhancing effect.
The biologically active substance in yam has a good anti-aging effect, which can increase the animal’s immune cell proliferation ability and delay the thymus aging.
Yam mucin can improve animal immune function and improve cardiovascular function, and the dehydroepiandrosterone contained in yam can also enhance immune function, improve memory, calm and sleep, delay muscle and muscle aging, and prevent arteriosclerosis.Aging effect.
The mannan in yam is a kind of hemicellulose that can dissolve in water. It can absorb water and swell 80-100 times. After eating, the volume in the stomach becomes larger and it is easy to produce satiety. The decrease in mucin reduces blood plasma.To prevent lipid deposition in the cardiovascular system, it is helpful to prevent arteriosclerosis.
In addition, yam has an adjuvant effect on diabetes. In addition, it is easy to produce satiety, which is conducive to controlling food intake. In addition, manna supplement has the function of improving glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity.
Because of the high starch content in yam, it is best to use yam to replace part of the staple food when eating yam, that is, to appropriately reduce the amount of staple food, especially those with diabetes, so as not to cause the problem of excess energy.
■ Indigo blue Indigo blue is also called Wang Manqing, straight lotus, kale head, is a kind of cabbage, scientific name is bulbous cabbage.
Isatis indigotica is a vegetable between kohlrabi and cabbage. Its leaves are smooth and tender, its stems swell into a sphere, and there are obvious leaf marks. The outer skin is green, white or purple. It is cultivated in spring and autumn.
Blue can be used for stir-fry or cold raw food. Remember when I was a kid, every winter, I bought some loquat back at home, especially in the era when the food was lacking. In the winter, a small plate of loquat was crisp and refreshing, with a long aftertaste.
It is rich in vitamin C, up to 41 milligrams per 100 grams, far higher than apples, pears, grapes and other fruits. Isatis indigotica also contains a lot of potassium, which is very beneficial to the human body. Chinese medicine believes that it has a cool and sweet taste, has wide chest, sputum, relieves cough, sobers and lowers fire, and clears eyesight.
Squeezing its fresh juice has a therapeutic effect on stomach diseases. Long consumption of indigo can also promote the healing of stomach and duodenal ulcers.
■ Lotus Roots During the Qing and Xianfeng years, lotus roots were chosen as a royal tribute.
Because it is the same as “O”, the folk custom food wishes the marriage a happy marriage, but it is not stained by the mud, and it is a symbol of integrity and purity with the lotus.
The lotus root is an enlarged part of the underground stem of the lotus root. The lotus root belongs to the waterlily family.
The lotus roots are mainly distributed in the Yangtze River Basin and southern provinces in autumn, winter and early spring.
It has short cracks, thick and smooth outer skin, gray-white or silver-gray, and white inside; the center of the node is swollen, and there are several channels with different sizes inside, which are symmetrical about the left and right sides; the body is heavier and the texture is crisp and tender.
Edible lotus roots cultivated in summer can be divided into two major categories: the first category is the lotus seed.
The rhizome is relatively plump, with a white skin, crisp and tender flesh, sweet taste, high yield, and not many lotus seeds; the second type is a lotus species, the lotus is small, the flesh is slightly gray, and the quality is poor, but the results are many, mainly for pickingHarvest lotus seeds.
As a vegetable, it is dominated by tincture.
Lotus root, slightly sweet and crisp, is very refreshing, can be eaten raw or cooked, and has a very high vitamin value. It is a good food and nourishing Jiazhen for old and young women, and frail people.
Mainly has the following therapeutic effects: heat-clearing and cooling-blood: lotus root is used for cold, has heat-clearing and cooling-blood effects, and can be used to treat fever diseases; lotus root-flavored Gandu liquid, thirst for fever, bleeding, hemoptysis, blood lossEspecially beneficial.
Laxative and antidiarrheal, spleen appetizer: Lotus root contains mucin and substituted fiber, which can be combined with bile salts in the human body, cholesterol and triglycerides in food, and can be excreted from feces, thereby reducing lipid absorption.
Lotus root emits a unique fragrance, which also contains high quality, has certain spleen and antidiarrheal effects, can promote appetite, promote digestion, appetizing and strengthening, and is beneficial to poor appetite and poor appetite to restore health.
Yixueshengji: The nutrient value of tadpole is very high. It is rich in trace elements such as iron and calcium. It is also rich in plant protein, vitamins and starch. It has obvious effects of nourishing qi and blood, and strengthening human immunity.
Therefore, Chinese medicine called it: “The main supplement is to nourish the gods and strengthen the energy”.
Hemostatic blood stasis: 藕 contains a large amount of tannic acid, has a contraction effect on blood vessels, can be used to stop bleeding.
Can also cool blood, scattered blood, Chinese medicine believes that it stops bleeding without leaving blood stasis, is a good food therapy for fever.
In addition, Pan Ling and Deliang Li of Yunnan Baiyao Group Natural Medicine Research Institute evaluated the effects of dregs, tartar and buds on body weight and slight reduction in adult diabetic rats.
Through experiments, it was found that the sacral joints and sacral buds could reduce the body weight of rats; the trace amount in the abdominal cavity also showed a decreasing trend; the sacral joints could also significantly prevent the increase of blood insulin and increase the sensitivity index of the rat model of nutritional obesity.
This experiment reminds us that radon is helpful for preventing diabetes and diabetes.
■ Potato The Chinese Residents’ Guide, prepared by the China Nutrition Association, recommends that people “eat more vegetables (vegetable foods), fruits and potatoes” in the second article.
Among the top ten health foods recommended by the USDA a few years ago, potatoes are also among the best.
Common potato foods include potatoes, sweet potatoes, and taro.
Many people think of yam when it comes to yam, except that yam is rich in starch, it is of little value.
Actually not. Although potato starch content is higher than ordinary vegetables, they are genuine low-fungal and high-fiber foods.
Potatoes contain almost no fat, but the supplementary fiber is very rich, which has a good effect on promoting the peristalsis of nitric acid tract and preventing constipation.
Moreover, potato is a typical high potassium and low sodium food, and its high potassium content makes many fruits feel ashamed.
As far as the vitamins are concerned, potatoes contain at least no vitamin C in the grain, and are rich in a variety of B vitamins; the polyphenols in potatoes also have good antioxidant and cardiovascular prevention effects.
But to take advantage of potatoes, it’s best to eat them as a staple.
As a staple food, you don’t need to add salt or sugar, and you don’t need to add oil. It can exert its own nutritional advantages.
At the same time, as a staple food, yams are proportional to the white flour of rice, the blood sugar rises slowly, and the effect of satiety is strong, which can help prevent diabetes and diabetes, and also help control blood pressure.
Substituting potato for food, the total amount of starch per day will not increase, and it may also decrease; while the vitamin intake will be greatly increased, with more fiber and more minerals, to improve the nutritional quality of the day,Help a lot.