Chinese medicine decoction method is stressful


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Chinese medicine decoction method is stressful

The ancients said: “Where the decocting and avoiding the copper iron, it is advisable to use silverware jars”, “Where all kinds of herbs are ironed”, scientifically verified, most of the chemical constituents of traditional Chinese medicines react with heavy metal ions, such as solidified substances.Mantle, valerian, pomegranate peel and other drugs combined with metal ions to form crystalline acid iron salt, will produce blue (black) or green (black) reaction products, reducing the melting solids, solidification, hemostasis.

Another example is honey containing malic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid and other organic acids and sugar compounds, which can dissolve iron, zinc and other metals, and can produce organic acid salts and heavy metal salts that are toxic to human body.

The composition of traditional Chinese medicine is complicated, and the choice of the decocting container causes significant.

銆€銆€In March of this year, the Ministry of Health and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine issued the “Basic Standards for Hospital Pharmacies” and “Regulations on the Management of Chinese Medicine Expansive Pharmacy” (hereinafter referred to as “Specifications”).

This is to strengthen the standardization of the Chinese medicine sector in medical institutions. The institutionalization provides powerful laws and regulations, especially the detailed normative requirements for the operation of traditional Chinese medicine decoction, ensuring the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine and the quality of traditional Chinese medicine decoction.

It not only puts higher requirements on the pharmacy in medical institutions, but also in the decoction service of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces in a wide range of pharmaceutical retail industries.

Because traditional Chinese medicine decoction is one of the most commonly used and the oldest dosage forms in traditional Chinese medicine, it has a rapid effect and strong effect, and it is still used by people.

In the “Code”, the operation method of the decocting method still uses the traditional atmospheric boiling method, and the preparation of traditional Chinese medicine decoction in the medical institutions mostly uses the decompression heating mechanization operation to solve a large number of business needs.

Therefore, the author puts forward some suggestions on certain requirements and regulations in the Code.

銆€銆€Chinese medicine decoction, follow the ancient and not mud, we first talked about the decocting device.

The ancients said: “Where the decocting and avoiding the copper iron, it is advisable to use silverware jars”, “Where all kinds of herbs are ironed”, scientifically verified, most of the chemical constituents of traditional Chinese medicines react with heavy metal ions, such as solidified substances.Mantle, valerian, pomegranate peel and other drugs combined with metal ions to form crystalline acid iron salt, will produce blue (black) or green (black) reaction products, reducing the melting solids, solidification, hemostasis.

Another example is honey containing malic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid and other organic acids and sugar compounds, which can dissolve iron, zinc and other metals, and can produce organic acid salts and heavy metal salts that are toxic to human body.

The composition of traditional Chinese medicine is complicated, and the choice of the decocting container causes significant.

銆€銆€Another example is water, which is a solvent for the decoction. The water to be used in the medicine needs to be carefully selected.

According to reports, there is a big difference in groundwater and tap water everywhere.

Water is the basic condition of decocting. There is no such provision in the Code, and it is recommended to meet the basic requirements for the quality of medicinal water.

銆€銆€In the heating method of decocting, the whole method is mainly adopting advanced steaming stainless steel tank frying method, vacuum decompression method, far infrared frying method, etc., and the cooking quality is basically similar.

Some suggest that the immersion of 60 liters of water before the decocting is beneficial to the dissolution of the active ingredient.

In-depth research has been carried out to find that the dried Chinese herbal medicine pieces can be moistened and softened, and the cells expand or rupture, so that the active ingredients are first dissolved and dissolved in the moisture of the medicinal tissue, and then diffused into the external solvent.

銆€銆€Experiments have shown that the Chinese medicine decoction should be broken into coarse particles of about 3-4 mm, and the dissolution rate is as high as 29.

4%.

Ore, shellfish first decoction drugs are processed and crushed (over 10-24 mesh sieve), the granules are higher than the original medicinal materials (decoction pieces), it is recommended to remove the first frying routine.

The latter process uses traditional, divided and sub-freshed three methods to observe the amount of frying of aromatic volatile oil components, color change of soup liquid, color reaction of volatile oil, etc.Two parts, divided into a total of fried, no need to go down, can reduce the heating time of the drug, increase the dissolution rate of the active ingredient, and simplify the operation process.

Traditional Chinese medicine decoction is used to fry twice, the rate of decoction is 70%-80%, the head frying time is slightly longer, the second frying is slightly shorter, often the two liquids are different, the volatile oil ratio is even worse, the color difference can also be recommended.It is advisable to take the drug solution separately and mix it twice.

銆€銆€Our research on decoction of traditional Chinese medicine decoction must conform to the principles of TCM syndrome differentiation and compatibility. Li Shizhen of the Ming Dynasty has long pointed out: “Where the soup is treated, although the products are specialized, the treatment is like the law, and the decoction is reckless, the water and fire are bad, the fire is lost.Degree, the medicine is also reactive.

“The famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty Xu Ling fetus: “The method of decocting, the most appropriate to talk about, the efficacy and inefficiency, all in this.

“It can be seen that the decoction and clinical effects of valuable decoctions of the past doctors.

The author believes that Chinese medicine decoction should achieve the clinical treatment effect of Chinese medicine, accompanied by boiling water, utensils, water addition, temperature, time and close relationship.

Under the guidance of TCM theory, we must apply modern scientific and technological means to introduce argumentation, continue to innovate, and constantly develop, and follow the ancient and not muddy, in order to introduce a well-established standard of Chinese medicine decoction.

銆€銆€Due to the situation, the requirements for the decocting equipment in the “Code” of the decocting equipment and facilities were reformed, and the decocting machine was used to cook the medicine in the “normal pressure” state.

According to the author’s understanding, the primary medical units, the pharmacy decoction service decocting facilities and the large and medium-sized pharmaceutical industry, the county (city) level medical units mostly use decompression heating decocting machine, Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine has more than 20 decompression decocting drugsMachine, if the use of atmospheric pressure method decocting is far from meeting the clinical needs of the majority of patients.

Decompression and decoction of traditional Chinese medicine is also a major exploration and development of many scholars in the study of traditional decoction.

With the development of Chinese medicine and the application of advanced science and technology, we should consider science, facts, accept new things, and adapt to market demand.

In the continuous practice, chemistry, pharmacology, biochemistry, clinical and other means are gradually applied to formulate its quality indicators, so that the Chinese medicine decoction method is updated and scientifically developed.